The Sabbath is both a covenant and a commandment of God to his people, the Israelites.
The Sabbath is the Seventh day where God commanded his people to rest from their labor. It is the fourth of the Ten Commandments that Moses received from God in Mount Sinai.
Exodus 31:16 The Israelites are to observe the Sabbath, celebrating it for the generations to come as a lasting covenant.
In Exodus 20:8 of the Holy scriptures, God commanded the Israelites: “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 9Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. 11For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
God also gave the Sabbath as a lasting covenant to his people the Israelites, and also to those who become believers in God. The following verses further explain why the Sabbath is important to God, and how it holds many promised blesssings by observing it.
Ezekiel 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my Sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am Yahweh who sanctifies them.
Isaiah 56:1 Thus says Yahweh, “Preserve justice and do righteousness, For My salvation is about to come And My righteousness to be revealed. 2“How blessed is the man who does this, And the son of man who takes hold of it; Who keeps from profaning the sabbath, And keeps his hand from doing any evil.” 3Let not the foreigner who has joined himself to Yahweh say, “Yahweh will surely separate me from His people.” Nor let the eunuch say, “Behold, I am a dry tree.” 4For thus says Yahweh, “To the eunuchs who keep My sabbaths, And choose what pleases Me, And hold fast My covenant, 5To them I will give in My house and within My walls a memorial, And a name better than that of sons and daughters; I will give them an everlasting name which will not be cut off. 6“Also the foreigners who join themselves to Yahweh, To minister to Him, and to love the name of Yahweh, To be His servants, every one who keeps from profaning the sabbath And holds fast My covenant; 7Even those I will bring to My holy mountain And make them joyful in My house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be acceptable on My altar; For My house will be called a house of prayer for all the peoples.” 8The Lord GOD, who gathers the dispersed of Israel, declares, “Yet others I will gather to them, to those already gathered.”
Despite being God’s commandment and a covenant, alot of so-called “believers” today are not observing the Sabbath, this very promising commandment of God. Some will say that it is no longer required to observe the Sabbath because we are under the new covenant that belongs to Jesus Christ. That the Sabbath was only relevant in the old testament during the time of the ancient Israelites. That the requirements of the Sabbath are hard to follow. But, Yeshua HaMaschiach (Jesus Christ) himself, explained what the Sabbath is for.
Mark 2:27 Then Yeshua said to them, “The Sabbath was made to meet the needs of people, and not people to meet the requirements of the Sabbath.
Apostle Paul in Colossians 2:16 said, “Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day.”
And in Matthew 5:17 Yeshua Explained, “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18″For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. 19″Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.…
Apostle Paul warned us that the Word of God is living and active. That we should observe the Sabbath so that we can enter God’s rest and not fall into the same pattern of disobedience that the ancient israelites did. He said in Hebrew 4:9 “There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God;”
Therefore, the Sabbath covenant by God to the Israelites and to those who joined themselves to God is still in effect. God made it clear that in the future there will still be Sabbaths.
Isaiah 66:23 From one New Moon to another and from one Sabbath to another, all mankind will come and bow down before me,” says Yahweh.
As believers, we have the confidence and faith in his Word, that God will make good on his promise if we are obedient.
Isaiah 58:13 “If because of the sabbath, you turn your foot From doing your own pleasure on My holy day, And call the sabbath a delight, the holy day of Yahweh honorable, And honor it, desisting from your own ways, From seeking your own pleasure And speaking your own word, 14Then you will take delight in Yahweh, And I will make you ride on the heights of the earth; And I will feed you with the heritage of Jacob your father, For the mouth of Yahweh has spoken.”
Leviticus 19:30 “‘Observe my Sabbaths and have reverence for my sanctuary. I am Yahweh.’”